The World Health Organization (WHO) has referred to noncommunicable diseases such as those related to the globalization of unhealthy lifestyles. As the world controlling infectious diseases and infant mortality is growing concern about the extent of the health problems related to smoking, alcohol abuse, sedentary lifestyle or junk food are closely linked to epidemics of the XXI century: obesity, diabetes or hypertension. In this case it is not fight bacteria or viruses, but the bad habits of modern societies, that decades ago ceased being more or less limited to the most developed to extend worldwide countries.
The bad news is that 38 million people die worldwide from noncommunicable diseases and 16 million of them are premature. The good news is that these 16 million deaths linked to pulmonary disease, cardiovascular diseases, tumors, diabetes and strokes are preventable if appropriate prevention measures are adopted health.
The community has the opportunity to change the course of the epidemic of noncommunicable diseases. The organization has launched a program to reduce these deaths. A few dollars per year spent by every person can reduce disease and mortality caused by these diseases.
Most of preventable deaths occur in countries with low or middle income. The international organization has taken the measure to kick some examples of effective measures against these diseases such as banning all forms of advertising of snuff, replace trans fats (found in fried and responsible for raising cholesterol bakery) by polyunsaturated (omega-3 and omega-6, which are found in fish and nuts) and restrict or ban alcohol ads.
There are some positive experiences in different countries that can be used by the international community. This is the case of Brazil, which has succeeded in reducing deaths from noncommunicable at a rate of 1.8% per year thanks to the extension of the network of primary health care causes or Turkey, which has increased since 2013 reserves the surface to warn of the risks of smoking on cigarette packages to cover 65% of the surface of the packs. It has also increased taxes on snuff to reach 80% of the total price, which have been reduced smoking rates by 13%. Other examples include Hungary and its rate to unhealthy products for their high content of salt, sugar and caffeine, a year after being approved, has forced the food industry to change the contents of these substances and made sales of these products falling by 27%. Argentina, with similar measures, has reduced the salt content in bread by 25%.